• Update: March, 07, 2016

8. Padmasambhava


Padmasambhava was incarnated as an eight-year-old child appearing in a lotus blossom floating in Lake Dhanakosha, in the kingdom of Oḍḍiyana, traditionally identified with the Swat Valley of ancient India in present-day Pakistan. He has transmitted Vajrayana Buddhism to Bhutan and Tibet and neighbouring countries in the 8th century. In those lands he is better known as Guru Rinpoche or, simply, Padum in Tibet, where followers of the Nyingma school regard him as the second Buddha. Padmasambhava’s fame became known to Trisong Detsen, the 38th king of the Yarlung dynasty, and the first Emperor of Tibet (742–797). The king invited Padmasambhava to Tibet where he used his tantric powers to subdue the evil deities he encountered along the way. In Tibet he founded the first monastery in the country, Samye Gompa, initiated the first monks, and introduced the people to the practice of Tantric Buddhism.